As the number keeps adding to the age, so as the struggles to live a dignified life also keeps adding. The paper explains how the aged people are facing hardships that threatens their rights and dignity in the current Indian Society. It will take into account the role of family in providing security to their ageing family members and how the event of global processes such as industrialisation and globalisation has impacted the structure of Indian society and its effect on the lives of the aged. The paper will thoroughly discuss the reasons for the unfavourable treatment towards the aged people and the government response to this issue.
This paper will focuses on electorate system; the modern democracy is also called representative democracy. The voters caste their votes to elect their representative, the candidate who gets the larger number of votes is declared to be successful. There are 2 methods of election 1. Direct method of election 2. Indirect method of election about their merits and demerits.
We shall study about the different elections system and basis of franchise like – franchise on the basis of property, Franchise on the basis of Education and Franchise on the basis of gender and UNIVERSAL ADULT FRANCHISE. Before, making election the study of different electoral systems we shall make used in this context –The people who caste votes are called voters or Electors and discuss universal adult franchise arguments in the favour and in against. Minority Representation- According to the present electoral system everybody did not get proper representation and so many votes to go waste also and there is Proportional representation system and this system had two methods and they are –Single transferable system and List system. There are some methods to give representation to minorities –Limited Vote system, Cumulative vote system, Communal representation system, Second ballot system, reservation of seats and Nomination will discuss in research paper in detail.
“Any law which violates the inalienable rights of man is essentially unjust and tyrannical; it is not law a law at all”.
– Maximilien Robespierre
Human rights are extremely important because they provide fairness and equality in our society. Without human rights, society would go back to ancient times in terms of morality.
Cryptocurrency is a digital coin money of a country which is established electronically in which methods are accepted for encoding and are recycled to manage the whole of created money and it is also beneficial to check the transaction of cash which are performing its function freely and without any restrictions of a central bank. One of the most ordinary instances of cryptocurrency is Bitcoin which is gaining popularity in India every now and then even with restrictions upon it to use in India. The main difficulty to use these cryptocurrencies is its safety controversy. These digital coins are not as much protected as the people think they are. The second difficulty faced by many people is the variation problem of the currency is not known to anybody as it is uncertain. Anything which varies so much is the most ineffective thing to use. There are many things which India needs to learn from this digital era are that some are for their benefit but some of them are to create tension and to worry about. Even though we all know that India is moving fast towards the era of Digital age and that day is not far away that India will also be considered as one of the most developed nation in the world. These virtual digital coins will be more popular in the coming future. However, there is no confirm institution to determine the number of bitcoins and to decide about the number for the production, keeping the document about how many are there and to interrogate in case of any issue. It can be considered as association of connections. They are controlled by the non-centralized network. Their actions are guarded by their owners and the highly strict codes are developed to safeguard their boundaries in which they work accordingly.
The research paper revolved around the socio-economic and political situation of the Asian Countries, the prime focus of the project is to convey the reader that how the situation get modernized in prime countries like Japan India and China who has developed themselves from the conservative mindset to become modernized countries of the present era. The projects also conveyed about inter regional and intra regional political system with special emphasis on the nationalism of different Asian countries.
The project also revolves around the foreign policies of India and how they are interconnected for the growth of Asian countries. India has a very great impact on the development of the Asian Countries but there are some problems that we faced regarding the Kashmir Issue and some problem in Indo-china relations which is also a obstacle of the development. The project also discussed the imperialism and communism in Asian countries.
Drug discovery and access to generic drugs at affordable prices are so tightly inter woven that neither could exist without the other. Health has always been a concern in India since the time of Independence and even after the advent of the Trade Related aspects of Intellectual Property Rights it continues to act as a hindrance in the development of the economy.
The pharmaceutical sector in India plays an important role in the society and can have an adverse effect on the economy as well. This legal writing is accordingly geared towards gaining and understanding as to what exactly patents and its evolution are internationally and how the product patents gradually emerged in India, the focus will be on the patents in the pharmaceutical sector and its relevance in the society and the economy. India is a developing country and therefore, it has to balance the needs of its citizens of granting easy access to patented drugs especially the ones which are sold at exorbitant prices. The two major problems in the Indian Pharmaceutical sector which need to be critically analysed:
Firstly, there exists a tussle between concept of granting patents especially in the pharmaceutical sector and the right to health. Right to health, guaranteed under Article 21 of the Indian Constitution is considered to be one of the most essential and basic Fundamental Right and in the present scenario we hardly get to witness the justice being done to it, since monopoly is conferred on the lifesaving drugs as a result they became inaccessible to the common people due to the exorbitant prices at which they are sold and this fact always proves to be a major setback in accessing these drugs.
Secondly, the amount of money involved in Research & Development for inventing a drug is so high that there exists a dilemma of choosing between the protection of rights and interests of the public at large and the protection of rights and interest of the private sector and how the existing patent regime proves to be more fruitful in resolving the present dilemma in order to keep the public interest and the private interest at the same pedestal.
The question that remains is whether India should bring about a change in its Patent Policy for Pharma practices in the global market or it should continue with the same perspective that is favourable to a greater number of people who can have access to life saving drugs, at much reasonable and affordable price, which in my opinion is a much larger issue.