Secularism: A Comparative Analysis from Past to Present

SECULARISM!! What is Secularism? If we talk in a layman language, Secularism is originated from the word “SECULAR”, which means a practice, which treats all religions equally and with full respect.
Do we all know who the father of the word Secularism is? GEORGE JACOB HOLYOAKE was an English secularist, who coined the word “secularism” in 1851. If we talk about the birth of the word secularism in India, with the 42nd amendment in the Indian Constitution in the year 1976, by H.R. GOKHALE, so we can say that the concept of secularism is founded by G.R. GOKHALE. I am proud of my opinion that I believe in the facts of “Hindutwa” and make the sheet more transparent; let’s make it way parallel to the most pious evidence we Indians have, that is our National Flag.
If we talk about this research paper, the author has beautifully explained the concept of Secularism. The author took all the sources as a help for drafting this research paper. The author has explained the concept of Secularism through religious aspect, constitutional aspect. The author has used all the landmark judgments related to this concept, so as to clarify this concept more clearly. Our Honorable Prime Minister Sh. Narendra Damodardass Modi ji is the best example of being a secular person. Our PM respects all the religions with full care and respect. I am literally very astonished to see that a few days back I was searching something, and I saw that a Muslim man was drawing a sketch of Lord Shree Krishna. Thus, it can be proved that our India is a secular state.
The author and the co-author have tried their best to explain the concept of Secularism and I hope all the readers will read this research paper with full interest and dedication.
Keywords: Secularism; Constitution; Prime Minister; Religion; Law; Landmark Judgments

Palghar and the Story of Selective Silence

The present piece of work deals with the recent incident of brutal lynching in the Palghar district of Maharashtra and the voiceless government machinery, including media. Mob lynching is one of the most vicious evils from which the society has been encountering from the past many decades. The aim of this article is to unveil such loopholes and present a clear picture of some unanswered facets that struck to the mind, while confronting this issue. In order to carry out a deep analysis of the topic, various newspapers, articles and journals have been made as the sources of study.
Keywords – Palghar, Lynching, Media, Politics, Communal

Reservation in Promotion & Jobs under the Lens of Fundamental Rights

Reservation system has been a part of India for a long period of time. Even during the king’s rule privileges were provided to certain kind of category of people. And ever since then with the pass of time this system is being followed through one or other mode. After Independence, this system was inserted in our Constitution of India where certain rights are provided for the weaker section of the society which includes Schedule Caste and Schedule Tribes. This paper focuses on the evolution of these rights and the amendments that were brought. The main issue that has been dealt in this paper is that whether reservation can be provided in regard with promotion in the jobs and also whether the right provided under the constitution is a fundamental right or not?

Democratic States and Undemocratic Outcomes; The US Election in Perspective

In recent times, democracy in the United States of America has been increasingly eroded by a variety of systemic inconsistencies. The 2020 election is the most recent in a long list of political failures, each arising from the deeply undemocratic outcome of practices touted as upholding democratic values. This paper hopes to analyse how the results (and conditions) of the election were indicative of (i) erosion of state legitimacy (ii) mounting partisanship and polarisation, or the party obsession with power and ideological control and (iii) gerrymandering; or the splitting of congressional districts to benefit a specific political party. This paper also aims to establish that fair election conditions are the backbone of a liberal democracy, and that so far as the conditions of America suffer from the aforementioned ailments, the 2020 election and indeed all future elections will become increasingly undemocratic, leading to the inevitable deterioration of America’s political environment.

Significance of Corporate Governance in the Present Context

Today’s corporate sector around the world is blamed for several unfair trade and practices and these trade and practices are curse for the corporate sector. These are not good for the civilized security There are measures and mechanisms to curb unfair trader and practices of corporate entities .Corporate Governance is one of the effective tool and mechanism for the corporate entities to free themselves from the mechanism of unfair trade and practices In this paper an attempt has been made to discuss the role played by SEBI through clause 49 of the listing agreement in making companies to companies to comply with the corporate governance norms in India. This article is divided into conceptual clarification, corporate governance in the present context with clause 49 and conclusion. SEBI through the norms and provisions contained in clause 49 to listing in making corporate to comply with the standards of corporate governance
Keywords: Corporate, Securities, Governance, Whistle Blow Policy

Bollywood’s Toxic Masculinity: The Problematic Portrayal of Men & Women in Popular Hindi Cinema

Bollywood or the Hindi Film Industry went through different trends in the last 70 years. After the 60s, problematic themes started being presented, which led to far-reaching negative implications. Subsequent decades of the 70s, 80s, 90s and 2000s followed with their own problematic themes. In the present decade, we have witnessed the release of many pseudo-progressive movies, which although claims to be progressive, do not give women their due part. Theories like the Social Cognitive Theory and the Cultivation Theory provide us with enough evidence to show how such a problematic portrayal affects the audience. Male domination in the industry remains the prominent cause of such a portrayal. Among these problematic movies, some really progressive movies are breaking this stereotypical, sexist, toxic, and misogynist spell of Bollywood. Production of such films, when clubbed with social initiatives, can potentially remedy the wrongs done by years of problematic cinema produced by Bollywood.