Climate Change and its Impact on Agriculture Sector in India
Volume III, Issue III, 2020
Is climate change real? This is the question everyone is asking about climate change. Climate change has already had observable effects on the environment. Glaciers have shrunk, ice on rivers and lakes is breaking up earlier, plant and animal ranges have shifted and trees are flowering sooner. Effects that scientists had predicted in the past would result from global climate change are now occurring: loss of sea ice, accelerated sea level rise and longer, more intense heat waves. According to scientists it is acceptable if the earth’s temperature rises by 1.5 degrees by the end of the century or even 2 degrees is acceptable but with current situations this target would reach by 2030 only, which is an alarming situation. Increases in sea level, rising of temperature due to global warming, greenhouse effect, growing population are all causes of climate change. If the nations did not take some measures to control all the situations then this will result in many climatic disasters to the world. Agriculture sector contributes to the major sector of the Indian economy. Government in India is taking every precaution and measure to prevent or to adapt the climatic variation for agriculture. Due to climatic variation millions of tonnes of crops are destroyed every year, which is a problematic situation like India with a huge population. In the paper, researchers discussed many problems with agriculture in India and what the government is doing to tackle them. Measure like adaptation and mitigation is also discussed in the study and how IARD is doing its work in this field.
Keywords: Adaptation, Mitigation, Climate Variation, climate change, agriculture, weather extremes.