Development Induced Displacement and Challenges of Rehabilitation and Resettlement, With Reference to the Chhattisgarh State
Volume III, Issue II, 2020
The Development paradigm that is accepted in India stands on the model of economic development. It needs infrastructure in the form of roadways, railways, airports, industrial corporations, dams, mines etc. the state while achieving this object needs land as the main resource. It uses its power of Eminent Domain to acquire land compulsorily for a public purpose; development of the nation on the above lines being an established public purpose. Thus the inevitable result of such mega development projects is the mass displacement of the people, who are the inhabitants of the land under compulsory acquisition, or who depend on such land for their livelihood. The contemporary society because of the ongoing impoverishment of displaced and project affected persons, during the last two decades development induced displacement has become a major issue on the human rights agenda and among socially conscious scholars. A major reason for it is the marginalization of the Displaced Person’s Development Induced Displaced persons, a substantial number of whom are dependent on Natural Resources. Faultiness in the act and the burning topics like Compensation, Rehabilitation Resettlement has created a furore in the country against the government. In states like Chhattisgarh where it has experienced violent protests and internal disturbance from the red wing and the Government against the private project which has displaced population in lakhs. The Tribals had emotional attachment to their Jal,jungle and zameen and basically this a question of their identity and self-determination.