Emission Norms in United Kingdom & India
Volume IV, Issue I, 2021
In 1972, the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment held in Stockholm brought the industrialized and developing nations together to delineate the ‘rights’ of the human family to a healthy and productive environment. A series of such meetings followed, e.g. on the rights of people to adequate food, to sound housing, to safe water, to access to means of family planning. The concept of sustainable development was formalized in 1987 at the same time with the publishing of the Brundtland Report by the World Commission on Development and Environment as follows: “Humanity has the ability for sustainable development – to ensure the needs of the present without compromising the ability for future generations to satisfy their needs”. The definition of sustainable development is based on 2 concepts. Firstly, the concept of needs and secondly, The idea of confinement of the environment capacity to respond to current and future needs. Sustainable Development (SD) implies economic growth together with the protection of environmental quality, each reinforcing the other. Sustainable Development, thus, is maintaining a balance between the human need to improve lifestyles and feeling of well-being on one hand, and preserving natural resources and ecosystems, on which we and future generations depend. The 3 dimensions of sustainable development are that the environment is the necessary basis for sustainable development, the economy is the tool to achieve sustainable development and the good life for the entire social dimension is the target of sustainable development. In this paper the author is studying the Environmental Policies of Europe and India and their effect on Environment. Emission Standards limits the amount of gases released by from industry, power plants, small equipment such as lawn mowers and diesel generators. Frequent policy alternatives to emissions standards are technology standards. In this paper researcher is focusing on the Emission Standards of Developed Countries like European Union and Developing like India..