Feminism and Feminist Jurisprudence in India
Volume III, Issue III, 2020
Feminist jurisprudence include various theories , ideologies and philosophies by various scholars from various places. Even though the development and evolution of feminist jurisprudence may be different around the world but the aim is to bring gender justice, which is same even in India. Feminism in India is a set of movements aimed at defining, establishing, and defending equal political, economic, and social rights and equal opportunities for Indian women. In one word it can be said as a pursuit of women rights within the Indian society. The modern feminism movements in India can be divided into three main time period early stage of independence ,the stage of nationalism and post-independence. And during each time period drastic changes and revolution has happened in the field of feminist jurisprudence in India, the paper focuses on each of the time period giving critical evaluation. One of the foundation of India’s cultural heritage and diversity is due to the different religious practices so it is evident that even in the matters of jurisprudence religion played a major role in its change as each religion views women in different perspectives. There is also a critical aspect were people criticize that Indian feministic movement has always been in support of the privileged class and not for the deprived classes. It is a matter of fact that the feminist movement in India has always depended on cast, religion, place of birth etc. The paper also focuses on incorporating various issues and problems faced by women in breaking the shackles or stereotypes in the society. Even the framers of our constitution made sure that those women who were deprived of their rights and treated unfairly during the post-independence period gets an equal opportunity and freedom in an independent India. The recent legislature and judgment like scraping of 377 of IPC, Entry of women in shabrimala has won the confidence of many feminist in India who believe that our country is in transitional stage were India is changing from a patriarch ally dominant culture to a gender neutral country.