Population control is a goal which numerous advanced societies concentrate on but not many have implemented solutions to combat the various effects of it . Deaths due to food, water, environmental shortages, crime, and war have been rising. According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation, the world population will reach 10 billion by 2050, and regular climate changes are happening as a result. As a result, they expect that cultivating crops would be a difficult challenge. Food is linked to climate change and food cannot be grown in an unsuitable climate. In this paper, the causes, effects and potential solutions to the problem of overpopulation are discussed. Overpopulation has repercussions on society and the socioeconomic impact of it has been analysed.