In this 21st century, every nation is aiming towards development. Women compose nearly half of the population and hence their contribution in the nation's progress is invaluable, then only our economy can prosper. If there is a difference between the pay of men and women for the same or similar work then this act as a hindrance to the development as women will feel discriminated against because of the said difference merely on the basis of their sex.
In this article, we will look at the meaning of the gender pay gap, its related statistics in India, and India's position in the world in the Global Gender Index. We will also look at the reasons for this pay gap, along with the legislation that has been made for correcting this situation with some cases in which our Honorable courts have also ruled that these differences need to be resolved so that the concept of equality can prevail in our democratic country, and some steps have been discussed that can help to reduce this gap.