As per the crime records, in India each and every day crimes are increasing. Most of the crimes related with rape, murder, grievous hurt, robbery etc. involved dangerous weapons. Usage of firearms and arms are the ones which is one of the evidence in such crimes. Identification of the same for investigation plays a significant role. Governing the usage, purchasing and manufacture of such arms is governed within Arms Act, 1959 which got amended recently in 2019 along with its rules i.e. Arms Rules, 2016. One of the preventive measure as state can take is to maintain a legal framework to regulate such sale and purchase along with manufacture of arms. Several countries have faced grave situation due usage of such weapons for which at international level framing of gun laws or to make it stricter are taking place. This research paper will provide the brief analysis of the licensing procedure under Arms Act, 1959 and Rules 2016 in a descriptive Manner. World has seen some grave massacre which took the lives of several persons. Not just at international level but India is on second place for the usage of such arms and ammunition. Country made arms and unlicensed manufacture is the major hurdle in the proper and effective implementation of Indian arms laws. There is a need to look upon this aspects to effectively incorporated the preventive measures against such usage and manufacturers.