Despite the fact that the traditional caste system in India calls for equality, many individuals still treat those from lower castes harshly. In order to end this type of caste-based discrimination, the Indian constitution actually grants a number of fundamental rights to the lower castes, but in practice, even this does not guarantee them equality. Despite several initiatives to better their socioeconomic circumstances, the SCs and STs continue to face various forms of discrimination.
The 1989 Act needs to be reviewed in terms of how it is being put into practice, and some parts that are helpful to the social climate right now and address the atrocities done against the weaker sections need to be amended. The effective implementation of this Act is crucial for the diverse Indian culture and the country as a whole. There is also a recommendation that the national SC and ST awareness programs, which help to educate them about their benefits under the Prevention of Atrocity Act, should tackle major offenses like rape and murder of members of the weaker sections.
Additionally, this act guarantees that no one will prevent them from defending their rights and protects them from other horrors. However, despite the act's protection of members of lower castes, it still has a number of gaps that offenders exploit to avoid punishment, and there are also instances and locations where the act isn't put into practice; as a result, new provisions must be introduced to ensure that the act is used correctly.