The activities in the area of mergers and acquisitions keep getting robust compared to the preceding year. The rapid evolution of various sectors such as the Ed-Tech Sector or the E-Retail sector, the healthcare sector and various other industries has brought multitudinous companies into the market, which resulted in mammoth transactions by those companies either for amalgamation or takeovers and for which the need to understand these complex areas of mergers and acquisitions become important. Inter Alia multifarious laws applicable, there are certain important provisions and statutes governing the rules relating to such transactions by the companies. It becomes important for those companies to adhere to those provisions to make their transaction valid. In this article, we shall discuss some of those provisions and further an integral part of Mergers which though has not been statutorily defined but yet exists in every big and small decision of companies which is Due Diligence. Due diligence has been a critical part of work culture ever since mergers are in vogue as it helps examine the situation of the target company and its work environment and so its prospect of growth. At last, this article shall explain the ease in the cross-border mergers or takeovers gained after the introduction of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 in the Indian Business Environment.