The middle of the nineteenth century, modern French flute school gradually pulled open heavy curtain, in the late 19th century, France flute school began to show a real bright, tower at the same time, the method of Neil also established the important position of his flute school in France, French flute school believes that any technology is a service for music, flute of techniques can be divided into basic posture, breathing, tone Color (quality), articulation, finger dexterity, etc. This paper will make a basic introduction to the author and work of Tafanel's "Fantasia of the Free Archer" for a specific analysis. This paper is divided into five chapters. The first chapter introduces the author, including tafanel's life experience, main styles and main works. The second chapter is a brief introduction to the opera background and writing characteristics of the work. Section 1 and 5 of chapter 3 respectively introduce the importance of playing posture, breathing, tone quality, articulation and finger dexterity in flute playing. The fourth chapter is the performance analysis of the repertoire; The fifth chapter is the conclusion, enlightenment and understanding.