LL.M. Student at Osmania University, India
The world market became a local market after many nations, including India, liberalized their trade laws in 1991, and the inflow of foreign investment increased significantly. In this way, the idea of foreign investment has evolved. Foreign investment is the majority owner of a company in another nation by an investor based in that country. Further, FECA, 1947, and FERA, 1973, relating to foreign investments, were initially adopted in India. Later, these laws were repealed and replaced by new laws known as FEMA, 1999, and Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010, as well as other related laws like the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956, and Companies Act, 2013. To develop new laws that are advantageous to the nation and desirable to foreign investors, as well as change current laws, is necessary. Foreign investment can be viewed as a benefit for both developing and underdeveloped nations since it attracts capital to businesses, which in turn helps the economy of the nation by covering the funding gap. Additionally, the received foreign investment not only provides capital but also makes high-level technology and an increase in job prospects possible. Both countries receive benefits in exchange for foreign investment, including the capital, resources, markets, etc. However, many challenges with foreign investment in India, including a restrictive FDI framework, high import tariffs, and centralised decision-making.
International Journal of Law Management and Humanities, Volume 6, Issue 1, Page 767 - 778DOI: https://doij.org/10.10000/IJLMH.114128
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