An unprecedented rise in climate change, deforestation, air, water, and other forms of pollution have posed a serious threat to the environment and its living beings. All living beings, including individuals, wildlife and vegetation, are negatively impacted by environment's degradation which is a result of human activities.
India is among one of the top ten industrialised nations of the world. Since 1991, India experienced rapid industrial expansion. This has led to industries and environmental challenges. Rapid industrial development has benefited human civilization economically and brought material pleasure to citizens of industrialised nations, but it has also exacerbated a variety of environmental issues. Massive amounts of pollutants are released as a result of growing industrial expansion which adversely affects the environment in various ways. Today, Industries and factories are major contributor to environmental pollution. . Significant urban and industrial pollution is a result of rapid economic and industrial growth. A pollution-free environment may just be an ideal fantasy in the industrial age, far from becoming a reality.
The necessity of the hour is proper balance between the two, i.e., development on the one side and a clean environment on the other. Plans for sustainable development appear to be a way to strike a compromise between these two factors. The researcher was forced to conduct this research after the aforementioned debate opened her eyes to the seriousness of the environmental issue and the rate at which it is deteriorating.