In the era of the cyber world as the usage of computers became more popular, there was expansion in the growth of technology as well, and the term ‘Cyber’ became more familiar to the people. The evolution of Information Technology (IT) gave birth to the cyber space wherein the internet provides equal opportunities to all people to access any information, data storage, analyse etc. with the use of high technology. Due to the increase in the number of netizens, misuse of technology in cyberspace was clutching up which gave birth to cybercrimes at the domestic and international levels as well.
Though the word Crime carries its general meaning as “a legal wrong that can be followed by criminal proceedings which may result in punishment” whereas Cyber Crime may be “unlawful acts wherein the computer is either a tool or target or both”.
The world’s 1st computer-specific law was enacted in the year 1970 by the German State of Hesse in the form of ‘The Data Protection Act, 1970’ with the advancement of cyber technology. With the emergence of technology, the misuse of technology has also expanded to its optimum level and then there arises a need for strict statutory laws to regulate the criminal activities in the cyber world and to protect the technological advancement system. It is under these circumstances Indian parliament passed its “INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ACT, 2000” on 17th October to have its exhaustive law to deal with the technology in the field of e-commerce, e-governance, and e-banking as well as penalties and punishments in the field of cybercrimes.