Transgender, also called as hijras in India, are a marginalized community in a society with less or no basic facilities and opportunities to rise above their problems. According to the census of 2011, the rate of literacy of trans-people is 57.06%, but their employment opportunities, violence against them, etc. leaves no trace of it. It can be agreed that the current situation of the trans-people is better than what they faced decades ago. The appreciation may be dedicated to the Hon’ble Supreme Court for pronouncing the judgment of National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) v. Union of India and Parliament for passing Transgender (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019. Yet, the trans-people are exposed to face a myriad of difficulties.
This article discusses the three main causes of such deplorable situation, namely: (1) lack of progressive social mobility, (2) No representation in politics and (3) inadequacy of laws regarding transgender community and brings out propositions to uplift the transgender community in India.