The term “Subaltern” means “of lower rank or position.” As a result, they are considered to be subordinate in terms of position, power, authority, and action. In other terms, it implies to class, caste, gender, race, language, and culture are being subordinated. It also refers to those segments in society who are subject to dominance by the ruling classes. Peasants, laborers, and other groups have been denied access to hegemonic authority and hence are considered subalterns.
Subalternity is a form that turns into an umbrella concept that increases the scope of research from various subaltern perspectives. The question in debate is whether it needs such an umbrella concept or should be narrowed down to certain resistances and domination in the historical present that lead to the existence of modern hegemony. The subalterns are those who are voiceless and aren’t heard on the global stage. Subaltern studies are considered a broadly influential academic movement whose main aim is to refocus history on the unique role of subalterns or marginalized people in bringing about a large-scale transformation in society. This research paper helps in understanding the lives of subalterns, their resistances in the past, and also in the modern times where their platform to question is on the global stage with an international dialect.