When the drafting was going on for the Constitution, India was going through a stressful period where half of the country was having problems due to the communal riots and the other half was having problems related to the merger of princely states. Based on this, the framers of the Constitution thought that it is the need of the hour that the central government should have some authority so that when the stability and security of the country is at risk due to some internal/external problems, the central government can make use of these powers to safeguard the country from any attack on the integrity or security of the country.
This article talks about what is an emergency and what are the different types of emergency given in the Constitution. The historical background as to what led to the emergency being declared is also given in this article. Further, it also talks about the causes and reasons for this emergency. It also talks about all the problems faced by the people when the emergency was declared for almost 2 years. Now, the question which is to be answered through this article is: whether there was violation of fundamental rights of the people during this emergency?