Environmental protection is a global challenge that cannot be observed as an isolated problem of one country. Since development and exploitation go together, ends to action cannot be determined, and consequently, one cannot escape from exploitation. Climate has been affected by the increase in human economic activities. Natural resources are being exploited at large, and the protection of these resources has become a significant concern that requires us to revisit our legal structure and policies. India ranks 177 out of 180 in EPI (Environmental Performance Index), 2021 due to poor performance in environmental health policy and deaths. India has signed various treaties which have binding and nonbinding effects at different conferences. These international treaties and obligations have influenced India's environmental policies and statutes. But the enactments are observed to be done without real commitment by the executives, resulting in judicial intervention time and again. India has the most extensive legal framework of environmental laws in the world. However, challenges to implementing these laws exist. The author will attempt to analyze the current challenge for an effective and efficient regulatory regime.