Racism is a systematic ideology/ a complex set of beliefs and practices on the presumed basis of biology that divides humanity into ‘higher’, and ‘lower’ tiers. Racism over the years, has seen many forms such as social actions, practises, political systems and beliefs, in which different races are ranked as inherently inferior or superior to one another. A typical pattern we can identify through the due course of history is that racism not only sustained a permanent group hierarchy, but deeply stigmatised those designated to be ‘inferior’.
In this paper, I will aim to discuss about the evolution of racism towards the black community, how it evolved, and the sociological aspects associated with it. These discussions will be centred around the period of scientific racism in the 19th century, The Apartheid Regime, and systemic racism in current times.