India is blessed with vast biodiversity. There are plenty of species of plants and animals. In India with a population of almost 140 crore people are mostly indulged in agriculture. So for personnel use as well as for irrigation purpose safe water is the basic requirement. In India people basically get water from surface water and groundwater. Ground water get recharged primarily from rainwater. India is also blessed with paramount precipitation which eventually recharges the groundwater. But in dim view despite of blessed with vast diversity and paramount precipitation India is facing it’s worst water scarcity. There are many reasons which append to scarcity of water but the foremost reason for water scarcity is water pollution. Other reasons are overuse of water, wastage of water, increased human consumption, climate change etc. Water pollution is the foremost reason for water scarcity because pure and safe water is what is needed for consumption and due to water pollution the water becomes toxic which may be fatal if consumed. Due to modernization and industrialization water pollution has been increased abruptly. Waste discharge to rivers, dumping of garbage and radioactive wastes in water bodies, disposal of heavy metals and industrial waste are some of the many reasons for water pollution. The pollution and the scarcity of water has increased so much in India that it is now high time to regulate and control the situation before it becomes ungovernable and make people aware of the distress that has been occurred due to water pollution.