People are becoming more aware of the significance of human rights in the modern world. There was a time when the United Nations' Universal Declaration of Human Rights was considered the most essential document articulating fundamental equality and human dignity. Every person on the planet is permitted to have the same fundamental rights and freedoms as they were born into this world. Human rights are sacrosanct and regardless of a person’s place of origin, beliefs, status, etc., these rights are available all the time. These rights are inalienable, but they can be limited for many reasons, such as when you break the law or if it is in the best interests of the country. Human dignity, fairness, equality, respect, and independence are the cornerstones of these essential rights. There are many ways in which the law defines and protects these values. The guard of human rights relies heavily on international law. Governments must first secure international support and pressure before enforcing restrictions on the rights of people or groups. It's especially true when it comes to freedoms that are more difficult to obtain without international support and pressure. International human rights treaties and other papers have been signed since 1945, creating a major body of international law that is still in existence today. Some of the most important international organisations, like the Human Rights Council, the UN treaty bodies, and the Council of Europe, keep an eye on and monitor their implementation. Countries that have committed to adhere to the terms of an international agreement are legally obligated to do so. Treaties are signed by the Indian Government and ratified by Parliament, which means that the country is legally bound by all of its obligations. Human rights are the very crucial elements of the Equality and Human Rights Commission's role, which includes an international dimension.