Radioactive waste is created by any nuclear fuel cycle operation that creates or utilises radioactive materials. Nuclear waste is distinct due to the handling of radiation-emitting radioactive material, which is a source of concern. In great part, public confidence in the safe handling of radioactive wastes determines whether or not nuclear energy is accepted by the public. Comparing nuclear waste to other toxic industrial pollutants, not all nuclear wastes are as dangerous or as challenging to manage.
The full spectrum of operations involved in managing these wastes includes handling, treatment, conditioning, transport, storage, and disposal. In addition to guaranteeing the greatest degree of safety in the management of radioactive waste, current technical advancements in India enable the recovery of valuable radionuclides from radioactive waste for societal purposes.
The issue of how to handle radioactive wastes gives a straightforward choice between keeping the wastes under control and unleashing them. But as is widely known, it is extremely difficult to exercise this seemingly straightforward option since every choice has far-reaching effects, whether they be social, economic, or otherwise.