In the yearly period of 2018-19, around 33 Crore students were enrolled in schools and 3.7 Crore students were enrolled in Higher educational Institutes in India. Of the 15.2 Lakh schools in India, 3.3 Lakh are Private Unaided schools. Further, of the 993 universities in India, 385 universities are private, excluding some institutes of national importance (MHRD, 2018-19) (Department Of Statistics, 2018-19).The primary conclusion that we discover from the data facts mentioned above is that private education in India has a significant share in the country’s educational sector. Further, a part of the workforce of the country, thus comes from private institutions.
The education system in India enrols the second largest number of students in the world after china, being proportional to its population. Indian higher education institutions are, however, significantly smaller on average than colleges in China. In India, the growth in private education system has been driven by two trends, First is the shift toward private provision, over 10,000 degree-granting private institutions were established in the last decade. While private growth had exploded in the 11th FYP (Five Year Plan), it is very evident from the increase in the number of private institutions that this growth has been consistent with the 12th FYP as well.( (Daugherty, Miller, Dossani, & Clifford, 2013)
While (Daugherty, Miller, Dossani, & Clifford, 2013) offers insights into how the private education system has established its name into the country’s education scenario (Béteille, 2005) explains how this growth has been chaotic, unplanned, characterized by inadequate facilities, outmoded teaching methods and lack of quality faculty. Reports from the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) suggests that most institutes are of poor quality. This report is not valid just for private institutes, but for several public institutions as well. Going forward, we shall analyse what is wrong with the system, who loses, who wins and what can be done about this problem.