The debate regarding the right to privacy has impeccably grown in the 21st century. Privacy is now one of the most important aspects of life and liberty and an integral part of the fundamental rights enshrined in the constitution under Article 21. The article states “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to a procedure established by law.” This right is applicable to all individuals irrespective of their social status, gender etc. however, it is not an absolute right and laws must be made to safeguard the personal interest and be justified in the eyes of law.
The right to privacy is however one right that has emerged as a result of expanding the scope of Article 21. The right to privacy is not explicitly stated in the constitution. The Supreme Court, however, has derived such a right from Article 21 and numerous other constitutional articles, as well as the Directive Principles of State Policy. It is basically a multidisciplinary domain with a simple notion but a challenging definition. Privacy is a normal human desire to be free of others' control and surveillance