A group of people who identify as non-heterosexual or non-cisgender is known as the LGBTQ (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer) community. Throughout its history, this community has encountered considerable social, legal, and political difficulties, including as marginalisation, violence, and discrimination.
While transgender persons identify as a gender other than the one they were assigned at birth, lesbian, gay, and bisexual people are drawn to people of the same sex or gender. The term "queer" can be used to refer to the entire community and includes all non-heterosexual and cisgender identities.
LGBTQ people are still facing serious challenges and prejudice around the world, notwithstanding some improvements in recent years. Same-sex partnerships are still prohibited in several nations, and LGBTQ people who come out about their sexual orientation or gender identity risk being put to death or being imprisoned.
Many LGBTQ people experience social exclusion, discrimination, and harassment on a daily basis in addition to legal difficulties. In addition to higher rates of suicide and self-harm, this can result in mental health problems like despair and anxiety. In order to value and respect the diversity of human sexuality and gender identity, society must become more welcoming and inclusive.