The objective of this article is to uncover and expound on one of the most crucial aspects of labor law, namely the preservation of laborers' rights. Drawing a bridge between the need to safeguard fundamental human rights, a secure working environment, and labor law on the one hand, and the burgeoning industrialization and global competition on the other. Domestic and international labor policies are premised on the labor standards established by the International Labour Organization and the emergence of the "decent work" concept. In the era of the globalized world, ILO reports, trade unions and NGOs have all played a role in reporting, scrutinizing, and bringing awareness around limited opportunities, job security, poor wages, systemic inequality, and dismal and often inhumane working conditions for laborers. This article aims at introducing the idea of labor rights in a global world, with social justice as a key promoter, as well as the measures taken by the International Labour Organization to prevent and control denials of fundamental human rights and inequalities experienced by laborers in both the formal and informal sectors.