The term ‘Naxal’ or ‘Naxalite’ is derived from the name Naxalbari, a remote village in the district of Darjeeling in West Bengal, from where the movement had been originated. Naxalism is an informal name given to radical, often violent, Sino-Soviet in Indian Communist Movement. At first it was started with a rebel by a group of people against the local land-lords when a farmer was bashed by the local zamindar over land dispute. “Rightful redistribution of land to the working peasants”, was the aim and objective of the rebellion. The Naxals are considered far-left communist, supportive of maoist political sentiments and ideology. According to the doctrine of Naxalism the movement is not partially a rural, agrarian problem but it is a problem of the leading edge of the Urban intellegentia. Naxalism is now one of the biggest security problems faced by India. In short, in this study we attempt to find out the causes and the way of solutions for Naxalite Movement in India.