Gandhian philosophy on education in India forms an essential aspect of his teachings, yet the same is under-discussed and analysed. This research paper attempts to re-discover the essence of Gandhian philosophy on education and its similarity with National Education Policy 2020. The article briefly discusses Gandhiji’s views on prospects of improvement at the school and college level while considering the responsibilities of the teachers, students, and parents. It further discusses his innovative insights on teaching discrimination (while learning) to students, the concept of National school and national teacher, equalisation of handicraft making to any scientific subject, the significance of character building, emphasis on cultural roots of India, primary teaching without books, etc. The paper has artificially created 27 headings to analyse his educational philosophy, followed by a conclusion discussing the imbibition of some of his insightful teachings in the National Education Policy of India, 2020.