Violence against women is not something new. Women are subjected to violence since a very long time. It was only in 20th century that the need was felt to tackle the impending menace of violence against women. After the inception of UN various efforts were made by the international community to prevent this kind of violence. However, even after continued efforts of international community plight of women in countries like India remained more or less similar. India, which is a home to around 662 million women, struggles to lessen the instances of violence against women. The problem of women related violence is the most irking issue which has haunted Indian Government for decades. The main cause responsible for violence against women in India is the deep rooted patriarchy embedded in the Indian Society. Albeit the impending problem, there are various safeguards provided in the Constitution of India to prevent the instances of violence against women. This research paper is an attempt to study the meaning of violence against women, factors leading to violence against women in India and constitutional safeguards to prevent violence against women.