Racial and Ethnic Justice in Different Countries
Sastra University, School of Law, Tanjore, India
Volume-1, Issue-2, 2018
It is a well-known fact that discrimination either racially or based on ethnicity is a moral wrong and also it is violating the right to equality. The Justice system we have in every country differs. It’s all about ensuring safe environment and solving disputes in an orderly manner. Further, even in today’s world there is racism’s existence. In every society at least one person is being racially discriminated. According to the Indian Constitution, Article 14 of the Constitutions says that “The state shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of laws within the territory of India Prohibition of discrimination on the basis on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth”. In India, the laws related to discrimination is the Anti-Discrimination and equality bill, 2016. The Australian Human Rights Commission have got in the laws that operate at the federal level and these laws help safeguard their citizens from being racially discriminated: Age discrimination Act 2004, Racial discrimination act 1975. In the US, the laws related to racial discrimination are The Civil Rights Act of 1964, The Equal credit opportunity act, Voting Rights act of 1965. In UK, we have the Race relations act of 1965, International convention on the elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination 1965.
Keywords: Discrimination, Moral wrong, Race, Ethnicity, Justice, India, USA, Australia.