Shared Responsibility Towards Development
(Human Rights, Democracy and Rule Of Law)
Amity Law School, Jaipur
Volume III – Issue I, 2020
Human Rights are those fundamental and inalienable rights which are essential for human existence. As defined by D.D. Basu, Human Rights are those minimum rights which every individual must have against the state or other public authority by virtue of his or her being a member of human family, irrespective of any other consideration. The notion of Human rights was developed by Greek philosophers for the first time.
After the destruction caused by second world war, the people of the world felt a necessity of an international organization for keeping the world away from was and generate a feeling of peace, fraternity and co-operation among all nations, this led to laying the foundation of United Nation Organization. In 1948, Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted on by General Assembly of United Nations followed by various conventions towards the same goal of providing human rights to all the people for them to live in peace and tranquility. The framing of the U.N. Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights 1966, the International Covenant on Social, Economic and Cultural Rights 1966 and the other International and Regional Instruments can be said as the most captivating episode in the twentieth Century.
Democracy is the most popular form of governance today and among its many strong pillars is a stand of respect for human rights. Democracy can’t exist without human rights. It is additionally evident that there is a more prominent probability that human rights are “better” respected herein. Democracy originates from the society; it requires a political and social responsibility and commitment. All things considered a democracy can’t be forced from the outside as its combination requires a generation in time.
Given that democracy’s destiny is joined to that of human rights, as long as no universal agreement can be found on the precise substance on human rights no obvious advancement can be made on the issue of democracy and their development.