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Social and Economic Justice under Constitution of India: A Critical Analysis

Mahantesh G. S.
Principal and Coordinator, ABBS School of Law, Bangalore
Karnataka, India

Volume II, Issue I, 2019

The expression ‘Social and Economic Justice’ involves the concept of ‘Distributive Justice’ which connotes the removal of economic inequalities and rectifying the injustice resulting from dealing or transaction between unequal in society. It comprehends more than lessening of inequalities by different taxation, giving debt relief or regulation of contractual relation; it also means the restoration of properties to those who have been deprived of them by unconscionable bargains; it may also take the form of forced redistribution of wealth as a means of achieving a fair division of material resources among the members of society.

Social justice is concerned with the distribution of benefits and burdens. The basis of distribution is the area of conflict between rights, needs and means.

The Constitution of India has solemnly promised to all its citizens justices-social, economic and political; liberty of thought expression, belief, faith and worship; equality of status and of opportunity; and to promote among the all fraternity assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity of the nation in three parts, one is Preamble as I mentioned before, second Fundamental Rights and thirdly through Directive Principles.

In this paper, an analysis has been made as to how the social and economic justice removes inequalities and provides for proper distribution of benefits through the provisions of The Indian Constitution.


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