The purpose of writing this paper is to introduce Citizenship Act, 2019 and to explain, if it blows the basic structure of the constitution of India. In the present scenario, numbers of people are protesting against the Act, by relating it with religion and illustrating as anti-secular, that is only lack of information and influenced state of mind. However, this amendment Act is completely different from what people are assuming. Hence the bill seeks to the citizenship Act, 1955 in order to grant Indian nationality to Hindu, Sikhs, Buddhist, Jain, Parsis and Christian who come to India after facing religious persecution in Bangladesh, Pakistan and Afghanistan. The first section of paper describes the explanation of amendment and its act. Furthermost it encompasses all the act released in the session related to citizenship. The reason of arising issues during this act is also briefly discussed and this paper also explains the debate occurs around secularism and citizenship. This composition involves the notification related to the National Register citizenship and elucidates all possible aspects of NRC.
Keywords- Constitution, Citizenship, Amendment and Communities
As civilization progressed, man started fighting against various diseases both internal and external. Along with earlier herbal or natural medicines, man searched for inventing more preventive and curative medicines. Development in science and technology has brought in more and more advancements in the field of medicine and treatment. The transplantation of human organs can be considered as one of the wonders of medical science. Initially organs were transferred from deceased persons, but gradually it became possible to donate organs from living beings. There started issues of organ trade, organ selling, commercialization of organs etc. The issues of medical professionals being engaged in these practices, the unethical practices of hospitals etc. started getting public attention. The Government of India enacted Transplantation of Human Organs Act 1994 for regulating organ transplantations in India. The Act was amended in 2011 and the rules came into force in 2014. Most of the state governments also issued orders regulating various aspects of organs transplantations in accordance with the legislations. The Constitution of India guarantees right to life under Art. 21 and the Supreme Court and various High Courts have held in many cases that Art 21 also includes righ to health. This article examines the various facets of organ transplantation in India, the reasons of organ trade, legislations for preventing organ selling etc.