The most cherished freedom of all freedoms cherished is the freedom of expression. It is common consensus that certain restrictions ought to be placed on the freedom but the extent of these restrictions is a matter of controversy. This controversy leads us to the dissension on the validity of blasphemy laws. Regarded as one of the most abused laws internationally, blasphemy laws have been in existence since time immemorial and in the recent years, their essence has shifted from protecting the deity, which was relevant then, to protecting religious institutions, beliefs, practices and leaders from any criticism or insult, howsoever necessary.
The controversy on the validity of blasphemy laws emerges from whether it constitutes a reasonable restriction on the freedom of expression or clearly hinders the freedom for mere religious vendetta. The paper shall seek to critically analyse the relevance and importance of blasphemy laws in the present pluralistic society, considering the present international human rights framework with major focus on the freedom of expression and put forth suggestions for better enforcement and protection of these basic human rights.
Keywords: Blasphemy, Freedom of Expression, Freedom of Belief/ Religion, Human Rights, Public Order.
Women in India confront a ton of social imbalances going from sexual orientation particular premature births, abuse by their life partners, to eve prodding. Most women aren’t mindful of women rights in India and different circumstances their legitimate rights are not secured as they ought to be. Women strengthening assumes a huge part in telling them their rights. Human rights are those basic rights which are mandatorily possible by each person as he/she is an individual from human society. The constitution of India likewise ensures the equity of privileges of men and women. In any case, in the circle of women’s human rights in India, there exists a wide bay amongst hypothesis and practice. Indian culture is a male ruled society where men are constantly thought to be better than culture. The women in India all the time need to confront segregation, unfairness and shame. In spite of the fact that women in India have been given more rights when contrasted with men, and still, after all that the state of women in India is hopeless. The primary examination embraced in this paper is to talk about the issue of women rights in the light of the legal elucidations given in Article 14 and Article 15 of the Indian Constitution.
The paper will toss light on the human privileges of women in India and that how all the basic rights given to the women are being disregarded in India, by focussing on the different violations done against them. The paper is separated into three segments. The segment I records the territories of women’s human rights infringement in India. Area II concentrate on the means embraced by the Indian constitution to ensure women’s human rights. Segment III concentrate on the methodologies contrived by the administration and common society to engage women in India.
Keywords: Women’s rights, Human rights, Indian constitution, Human society, Unfairness, Legal elucidations
As human rights are equally applicable to all the human being on this planet, irrespective of religion, sex, caste, race, place of birth etc., it is the duty to all human beings to protect the rights of each other. Here, this Article is focused on the countries of SAARC region and their vulnerable groups, as the numbers of cases of violation of human rights are highest in this region. There are various reasons behind these violations in different countries. Relations between and among the nations, social, economic, political and religious conditions and cultures or customs are responsible for this. Besides this, victims of war also fall under this category and sometimes State laws are also responsible for violation of human rights. As the weaker sections of societies are the prime victims, almost every State has adopted some International laws, Declarations, Treaties along with their own laws to protect the vulnerable sections of the society. In addition to all the foregoing, it is the duty of all to protect the rights of others who are not able to protect their own right and not to violate the rights of other people. For this purpose, proper education, wide knowledge and total awareness is needed to promote the human rights and in this regard the governments and NGOs should take initiatives to regulate, monitor and proper implementation of human rights. Until an individual gives a full scope to another person to enjoy his or her right as a human being, that very person cannot claim his rights as a human being.