In India, the notion of gender justice is not a new phenomenon. Women have been subjected to gender inequality and differences in every aspect of their lives. In the era of modernization, women still face discrimination in various fields. They are often subjected to inequality in multiple areas and still face issues such as sexual harassment, forced prostitution, dowry, and many more. Transgender people are also subjected to utter discrimination and are deprived of their fundamental human rights as a third gender. However, The Constitution of India laid down specific provisions and laws to eradicate the concept of gender inequality between men, women, and the third gender in socio-economic, political, legal, and another aspect of life. The paper seeks to critically evaluate the constitutional provision relating to gender equality and analyse the general issues and problems faced by women and the third gender in society.